Izindaba

Isihlabathi se-Zircon kanye nemikhiqizo yayo yokucubungula kanye ne-smelting inokusebenza okuphezulu futhi isetshenziswa kabanzi, ikakhulukazi ezimbonini zamasu asafufusa ezifana ne-aerospace, amandla enuzi, izitsha zobumba ezikhethekile kanye nengilazi, okwenza kube yigugu kakhulu kuwo wonke amazwe.I-Australia neNingizimu Afrika ingabahlinzeki abakhulu besihlabathi se-zircon emhlabeni;Eminyakeni yamuva, isihlabathi se-zircon esivela e-Indonesia, eNdiya, eMozambique nakwamanye amazwe siye sangena kancane kancane emakethe yokuhlinzeka;I-United States, i-Japan, i-Europe ne-China amazwe abalulekile abathengi besihlabathi se-zircon emhlabeni, kodwa ukusetshenziswa kwe-United States, Japan ne-Europe kubonisa ukwehla, kanti ukusetshenziswa kwesihlabathi se-zircon e-China kuhlala kuphakeme futhi kusemhlabeni wonke. izwe elifunwa kakhulu.Sekukonke, imboni ye-zirconium yomhlaba wonke ibilokhu isesimweni sokuhlukaniswa phakathi kokunikezwa kanye nesidingo isikhathi eside, futhi kusekhona indawo enkulu yokufunwa komhlaba wonke kwesihlabathi se-zircon esikhathini esizayo, ikakhulukazi e-China.

I-Zircon sand akuyona nje iminerali ebalulekile yokucwenga i-zirconium ne-hafnium, kodwa futhi isetshenziswa kabanzi kuma-ceramics, i-Foundry nezinye izimboni.I-Zirconium iyisiliva esimhlophe, insimbi eqinile enephuzu elincibilikayo elingu-1852 ℃, indawo yokubilisa engu-4370 ℃, ubuthi obuphansi, ukumelana nokugqwala, izakhiwo ezinhle zemishini, ipulasitiki, ukumelana nokugqwala kanye nezindawo ezikhethekile zenuzi ezisezingeni lokushisa eliphezulu.Ngakho-ke, i-zirconium hafnium metal kanye nama-alloys ayo asetshenziswa kabanzi ku-aerospace, izindiza, amandla e-athomu, i-electronics, i-metallurgy, imboni yamakhemikhali, amandla, imboni yokukhanya, imishini, izimboni zezokwelapha nezinye.Ngaphezu kwalokho, isihlabathi se-zircon kanye ne-zirconia nezinye izinhlanganisela nazo zinezakhiwo ezinhle kakhulu zomzimba namakhemikhali, indawo ephakeme yokuncibilika, izinga lokushisa eliphezulu, okunzima ukuliqukatha, kunzima ukubola, izinga lokunwetshwa kwevolumu encane, ukushisa okuphezulu kwe-thermal, akulula ukungenwa yinsimbi encibilikisiwe. , inkomba ephezulu ye-refractive, ukumelana nokugqwala okuqinile, ngakho-ke asetshenziswa kabanzi embonini yokuphonsa, imboni ye-ceramic kanye nemboni ye-refractory.

Izinqolobane zomhlaba wonke zezinsiza ze-zircon sand ziye zathuthukiswa kakhulu kusukela ekuqaleni kwekhulunyaka lama-21, phakathi kwazo izindawo zokugcina zase-Australia zikhule ngokushesha futhi izindawo zokugcina zaseNingizimu Afrika zihlala zizinzile.I-China ishoda ngezinsiza zesihlabathi se-zircon, futhi izinqolobane zayo zingaphansi kwe-1% yomhlaba.

Kusukela ngeMpi Yezwe II, ukukhiqizwa komhlaba wonke kwesihlabathi se-zircon kubonise umkhuba okhuphukayo.I-Australia kanye neNingizimu Afrika abakhiqizi abakhulu nabathumela kwamanye amazwe isihlabathi se-zircon emhlabeni.Ekhulwini lama-21, izinsiza zesihlabathi se-zircon e-China, e-India, e-Indonesia nakwamanye amazwe ziye zathuthukiswa ngokwengeziwe, kodwa isikali sokukhiqiza sincane.

Ekhulwini lama-20, i-United States, Japan kanye neYurophu kwakungamazwe amakhulu abathengi besihlabathi se-zircon emhlabeni.Ngekhulu lama-21, ukusetshenziswa kweShayina kwesihlabathi se-zircon kuye kwanda unyaka nonyaka.Ngemuva kuka-2005, i-China ibe yizwe elikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni jikelele lokusebenzisa isihlabathi se-zircon kanye nomthengisi omkhulu kunabo bonke emhlabeni wesihlabathi se-zircon.

Kusukela ngekhulu lama-20, izinsiza zesihlabathi se-zircon emhlabeni wonke zibonise iphethini esobala yokuhlukanisa phakathi kokunikezwa nokufunwa.Ukunikezwa kuvela ikakhulukazi e-Australia, eNingizimu Afrika, e-Indonesia nakwamanye amazwe, kanti amazwe adingeka kakhulu avela eYurophu, e-United States, eJapane, e-China nakwamanye amazwe.Esikhathini esizayo, ngokuthuthukiswa komnotho, isidingo sesihlabathi se-zircon sizoqhubeka sikhula, ikakhulukazi e-China, esizogcina isikhungo sokufuna umhlaba wonke sesihlabathi se-zircon;Esikhathini esizayo, i-Australia neNingizimu Afrika kusazoba abahlinzeki abakhulu, kodwa i-Indonesia, iMozambique namanye amazwe azoba yingxenye ebalulekile yokuhlinzekwa kwesihlabathi se-zircon.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jul-29-2022